Terms you need to know before start trading in stock market in Bangladesh

Unlocking the potential of the stock market in Bangladesh requires more than just financial acumen; it calls for a comprehensive understanding of a multitude of terms, strategies, and dynamics that shape the trading landscape. Whether you’re a novice investor embarking on your first trade or a seasoned trader seeking to refine your skills, delving into the depths of the Bangladesh stock market demands familiarity with a diverse range of topics. 

From mastering the nuances of fundamental and technical analysis to navigating the intricate world of trading strategies and market operations, this article serves as a comprehensive guide to equip you with the knowledge needed for successful trading in the dynamic realm of Bangladesh’s financial market. 

As you journey through this resource, you’ll uncover the essential vocabulary, strategies, and considerations that can empower you to make informed decisions and navigate the complexities of stock trading in Bangladesh.”

Fundamental Analysis:

Financial Statements: Income Statement, Balance Sheet, Cash Flow Statement.

Revenue: Total income generated by a company.

Earnings Per Share (EPS): Profit divided by the number of outstanding shares.

Price-to-Earnings Ratio (P/E): Price of a stock divided by its earnings per share.

Price-to-Book Ratio (P/B): Price of a stock divided by its book value per share.

Dividend Yield: Dividend income as a percentage of the stock price.

Return on Equity (ROE): Net income as a percentage of shareholders’ equity.

Debt-to-Equity Ratio: Total debt divided by shareholders’ equity.

Liquidity Ratios: Current Ratio and Quick Ratio.

Market Capitalization: Total value of a company’s outstanding shares.

Gross Domestic Product (GDP): The economic performance indicator of a country.

Inflation Rate: The rate of increase in prices over time.

Interest Rates: The cost of borrowing money and its impact on investments.

Economic Indicators: Unemployment rate, consumer confidence, etc.

Industry Analysis: Understanding the sector a company operates in.

How to do fundamental analysis for trading in Banglades’s stock market. 

Technical Analysis:

Candlestick Patterns: Chart patterns indicating price movements.

Support and Resistance Levels: Price levels where a stock tends to stop and reverse.

Moving Averages: Averaging out stock prices over a certain period.

Relative Strength Index (RSI): Measures overbought and oversold conditions.

Moving Average Convergence Divergence (MACD): Measures momentum and trend direction.

Bollinger Bands: Measures volatility and potential price movements.

Volume Analysis: Studying trading volumes to confirm trends.

Trendlines: Lines drawn on a chart connecting price points.

Chart Patterns: Head and Shoulders, Double Tops, Double Bottoms, etc.

Fibonacci Retracements: Predicts potential support and resistance levels.

Oscillators: Indicators like Stochastic Oscillator and Commodity Channel Index.

Moving Average Crossover: A buy/sell signal generated by moving averages crossing.

Breakout and Breakdown: A price movement outside established support/resistance.

Volume Price Analysis: Combining volume and price patterns for insights.

Ichimoku Cloud: A comprehensive indicator showing trend and momentum.

How to do Technical analysis for trading in Banglades’s stock market.

Trading Strategies:

Day Trading: Buying and selling within the same trading day.

Swing Trading: Holding stocks for a few days to weeks to capture price swings.

Long-Term Investing: Holding stocks for extended periods.

Value Investing: Identifying undervalued stocks for long-term gains.

Growth Investing: Identifying stocks with strong growth potential.

Momentum Trading: Capitalizing on short-term price movements.

Risk Management: Strategies to protect investments from losses.

Stop-Loss Orders: Automatic orders to sell if a stock reaches a certain price.

Limit Orders: Orders to buy/sell at a specific price or better.

Stock Market Operations:

Dhaka Stock Exchange (DSE) and Chittagong Stock Exchange (CSE).

Bangladesh Securities and Exchange Commission (BSEC): Regulatory body overseeing the market.

IPO Process: Steps a company takes to go public.

Stock Brokers and Brokerage Firms: Facilitate buying and selling.

Dividend Payment: When and how companies distribute dividends.

Stock Splits and Reverse Splits: Adjustments to the number of shares outstanding.

Blue Chip Stocks: Shares of well-established, financially stable companies.

Penny Stocks: Low-priced stocks with higher risk and potential return.

Circuit Breakers: Halt trading in case of extreme market volatility.

Psychology and Behavior:

Greed and Fear: Psychological factors influencing trading decisions.

Herd Mentality: Following the crowd in investment decisions.

Overtrading: Excessive buying and selling due to emotional decisions.

Confirmation Bias: Seeking information that supports preconceived notions.

FOMO (Fear of Missing Out): Making impulsive decisions due to market trends.

Regulations and Taxes:

Capital Gains Tax: Tax on profits from selling investments.

Dividend Tax: Tax on dividend income received.

Corporate Tax: Tax paid by companies on their profits.

Securities Transaction Tax (STT): Tax on securities transactions.

Market Trends and News:

Bull Market and Bear Market: Periods of rising/falling prices.

Economic Reports: GDP, unemployment, inflation, etc.

Corporate Earnings Reports: Quarterly financial results released by companies.

Insider Trading: Trading based on non-public information.

Market Sentiment: Overall attitude of investors towards the market.

Investment Resources:

Financial News Outlets: Reliable sources of market information.

Investment Forums and Communities: Online platforms to discuss trading strategies.

Technical Analysis Tools: Software and platforms for charting and analysis.

Fundamental Analysis Tools: Resources for analyzing financial statements.

Stock Market Books: Books covering trading strategies and market insights.


In conclusion, the stock market of Bangladesh is a realm where opportunity and risk coexist, and mastering the intricacies of trading within this market demands both dedication and education. As you embark on your trading journey, armed with knowledge spanning fundamental analysis, technical strategies, market operations, and investor psychology, you equip yourself with the tools to navigate the ever-changing currents of the financial world.

Leave a comment